Essential fatty acids are considered essential because the human body cannot make them on its own and can only be acquired from food. These fatty acids are required for numerous biological processes and every cell in the body depends on them for proper function. Fatty acids convert into compounds called prostaglandins, which act as anti-inflammatory agents and chemical messengers that help to direct immune system activity. Our bodies must ingest these fatty acids in the right amounts and ratios for optimal biological function to be able to take place. The current state of our food supply is such that the quality and ratios of the essential fatty acids has been significantly altered, making them pro-inflammatory. Due to this current state of affairs it is often necessary to supplement one’s diet with high quality pharmaceutical grade essential fatty acids.